pygsti.extras.drift
Drift Detection and Characterization Sub-package
Submodules
Package Contents
Classes
The StabilityAnalyzer is designed to implement a stability analysis on time-series data from quantum |
- class pygsti.extras.drift.StabilityAnalyzer(ds, transform='auto', marginalize='auto', mergeoutcomes=None, constnumtimes='auto', ids=False)
Bases:
object
The StabilityAnalyzer is designed to implement a stability analysis on time-series data from quantum circuits. It stores this time-series data, and contains methods for implementing instability detection and characterization, using spectral analysis techniques. These methods work on time-series data from any set of circuits, because they are entirely agnostic to the details of the circuits, e.g., they are not based on the process matrix model of GST.
This object encapsulates stand-alone data analysis methods, but it is also the basis for implementing time-resolved benchmarking or tomography (e.g., time-resolved RB, GST or Ramsey spectroscopy). in pyGSTi.
Initialize a StabilityAnalyzer, by inputing time-series data and some information on how it should be processed.
Some of the nominally allowed values for the inputs are not yet functional. For entirely non-functional code an assert() will flag up the input as not yet allowed, and for untested and perhaps unreliable code a warning will be flagged but the code will still run.
Parameters
- dsDataSet or MultiDataSet
A DataSet containing time-series data to be analyzed for signs of instability.
- transformstr, optional
The type of transform to use in the spectral analysis. Options are:
- ‘auto’: An attempt is made to choose the best transform given the “meta-data” of the data,
e.g., the variability in the time-step between data points. For beginners, ‘auto’ is the best option. If you are familiar with the underlying methods, the meta-data of the input, and the relative merits of the different transform, then it is probably better to choose this yourself – as the auto-selection is not hugely sophisticated.
- ‘dct’The Type-II Discrete Cosine Transform (with an orthogonal normalization). This is
the only tested option, and it is our recommended option when the data is approximately equally-spaced, i.e., the time-step between each “click” for each circuit is almost a constant. (the DCT transform implicitly assumes that this time-step is exactly constant)
- ‘dft’The discrete Fourier transform (with an orthogonal normalization). This is an
experimental feature, and the results are unreliable with this transform
- ‘lsp’The Lomb-Scargle periodogram. This is an experimental feature, and the code is
untested with this transform
- marginalizestr or bool, optional
True, False or ‘auto’. Whether or not to marginalize multi-qubit data, to look for instability in the marginalized probability distribution over the two outcomes for each qubit. Cannot be set to True if mergeoutcomes is not None.
- mergeoutcomesNone or Dict, optional
If not None, a dictionary of outcome-merging dictionaries. Each dictionary contained as a value of mergeoutcomes is used to create a new DataSet, where the values have been merged according to that dictionary (see the aggregate_dataset_outcomes() function inside datasetconstructions.py). The corresponding key is used as the key for that DataSet, when it is stored in a MultiDataSet, and the instability analysis is implemented on each DataSet. This is a more general data coarse-grainin option than marginalize.
- constnumtimesstr or bool, optional
True, False or ‘auto’. If True then data is discarded from the end of the “clickstream” for each circuit until all circuits have the same length clickstream, i.e., the same number of data aquisition times. If ‘auto’ then it is set to True or False depending on the meta-data of the data and the type of transform being used.
- ids: True or False, optional
Whether the multiple DataSets should be treat as generated from independent random variables. If the input is a DataSet and marginalize is False and mergeoutcomes is None then this input is irrelevant: there is only ever one DataSet being analyzed. But in general multiple DataSets are concurrently analyzed. This is irrelevant for independent analyses of the DataSets, but the analysis is capable of also implementing a joint analysis of the DataSets. This joint analysis is only valid on the assumption of independent DataSets, and so this analysis will not be permitted unless ids is set to True. Note that the set of N marginalized data from N-qubit circuits are generally not independent – even if the circuits contain no 2-qubit gates then crosstalk can causes dependencies. However, as long as the dependencies are weak then settings this to True is likely ok.
Returns
- StabilityAnalyzer
A new StabilityAnalyzer object, with data formatted and written in, ready for stability analyzes to be implemented.
- compute_spectra(frequencies='auto', freqpointers=None)
” Generates and records power spectra. This is the first stage in instability detection and characterization with a StabilityAnalyzer.
Parameters
- frequencies‘auto’ or list, optional
The frequencies that the power spectra are calculated for. If ‘auto’ these are automatically determined from the meta-data of the time-series data (e.g., using the mean time between data points) and the transform being used. If not ‘auto’, then a list of lists, where each list is a set of frequencies that are the frequencies corresponding to one or more power spectra. The frequencies that should be paired to a given power spectrum are specified by freqpointers.
These frequencies (whether automatically calculated or explicitly input) have a fundmentally different meaning depending on whether the transform is time-stamp aware (here, the LSP) or not (here, the DCT and DFT).
Time-stamp aware transforms take the frequencies to calculate powers at as an input, so the specified frequencies are, explicitly, the frequencies associated with the powers. The task of choosing the frequencies amounts to picking the best set of frequencies at which to interogate the true probability trajectory for components. As there are complex factors involved in this choice that the code has no way of knowing, sometimes it is best to choose them yourself. E.g., if different frequencies are used for different circuits it isn’t possible to (meaningfully) averaging power spectra across circuits, but this might be preferable if the time-step is sufficiently different between different circuits – it depends on your aims.
For time-stamp unaware transforms, these frequencies should be the frequencies that, given that we’re implementing the, e.g., DCT, the generated power spectrum is implicitly with respect to. In the case of data on a fixed time-grid, i.e., equally spaced data, then there is a precise set of frequencies implicit in the transform (which will be accurately extracted with frequencies set to auto). Otherwise, these frequencies are explicitly at least slightly ad hoc, and choosing these frequencies amounts to choosing those frequencies that “best” approximate the properties being interogatted with fitting each, e.g., DCT basis function to the (timestamp-free) data. The ‘auto’ option bases there frequencies solely on the mean time step and the number of times, and is a decent option when the time stamps are roughly equally spaced for each circuit.
These frequencies should be in units of 1/t where ‘t’ is the unit of the time stamps.
- freqpointersdict, optional
Specifies which frequencies correspond to which power spectra. The keys are power spectra labels, and the values are integers that point to the index of frequencies (a list of lists) that the relevant frquencies are found at. Whenever a power spectra is not included in freqpointers then this defaults to 0. So if frequencies is specified and is a list containing a single list (of frequencies) then freqpointers can be left as the empty dictionary.
Returns
None
- dof_reduction(axislabel)
Find the null hypothesis chi2 degree of freedom (DOF) reduction when averaging power spectrum along axislabel.
Under null hypohesis, each base spectrum is distributed according to a chi2/k with a DOF k for some k (obtainable via num_degrees_of_freedom()).
Under the composite null hypothesis the power spectrum, averaged along the axislabel axis is chi2/(numspectra*k - l) with a DOF of (numspectra*k - l) for some l, where numspectra is the number of spectrum along this axis.
This function returns l.
- num_degrees_of_freedom(label, adjusted=False)
Returns the number of degrees of freedom (DOF) for a power in the power spectrum specified by label. This is the DOF in the chi2 distribution that the powers are (approximately) distributed according to, under the null hypothesis of stable circuits.
Parameters
- label: tuple
The label specifying power spectrum, or type of power spectrum
- adjusted: bool, optional
Currently does nothing. Placeholder for future improvement
Returns
float
- num_spectra(label)
The number of power spectra in the “class” of spectra specified by label, where label is a tuple containing some subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’. The strings it contains specified those axes that are not averaged, and those not contained are axes that are averaged. For example, (‘circuit’,) is the number of power spectra after averaging over DataSets (often 1) and outcomes (often 2), and it is just the total number of circuits.
- same_frequencies(dictlabel=None)
Checks whether all the “base” power spectra defined by dictlabel are all with respect to the same frequencies.
Parameters
- dictlabeldict, optional
Specifies the set of “base” power spectra. Keys should be a subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’. For each string included as a key, we restrict to only those power spectra with associated with the corresponding value. For example, if ‘circuit’ is a key the value should be a Circuit and we are looking at only those power spectra obtained from the data for that circuit. So an empty dict means we look at every base spectra
Returns
- Bool
True only if the spectra defined by dictlabel are all with respect to the same frequencies.
- averaging_allowed(dictlabel=None, checklevel=2)
Checks whether we can average over the specified “base” power spectra.
Parameters
- dictlabeldict, optional
Specifies the set of “base” power spectra. Keys should be a subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’. For each string included as a key, we restrict to only those power spectra with associated with the corresponding value. For example, if ‘circuit’ is a key the value should be a Circuit and we are looking at only those power spectra obtained from the data for that circuit. So an empty dict means we look at every base spectra
- checklevelint, optiona;
- The degree of checking.
0: the function is trivial, and returns True
- 1: the function checks that all the power spectra to be averaged are associated with the same
frequencies
- 2+: checks that we can calculate the DOF for that averaged power spectrum, so that hypothesis
testing can be implemented on it.
Returns
- Bool
True if the power spectra pass the tests for the validity of averaging over them.
- power_spectrum(dictlabel=None, returnfrequencies=True, checklevel=2)
Returns a power spectrum.
Parameters
- dictlabeldict, optional
A power spectra has been calculated for each (DataSet, Circuit, circuit) outcome triple of the stored data. We can average over any of these axes. The dictlabel specifies which axes to average over, and which value to specify for the parameters that we are not averaging over. The keys are a subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’. For any of these strings not included, we average over that axis. For each string included, the item should be a key for one of the stored DataSets, a Circuit in the DataSet, and a possible outcome for that Circuit, respectively. If None then defaults to {}, corresponding to the power spectrum obtained by averarging over all the “base” spectra.
- returnfrequences: bool, optional
Whether to also return the corresponding frequencies, as the first argument.
- checklevelint, optional
The level of checking to do, when averaging over axes, for whether averaging over that axis is a meaningful thing to do. If checklevel = 0 then no checks are performed. If checklevel > 0 then the function checks that all the power spectra to be averaged are associated with the same frequencies. If checklevel > 1 we can also check that we can calculate the DOF for that averaged power spectrum, so that hypothesis testing can be implemented on it.
Returns
- if returnfrequencies:
- array
The frequencies associated with the returned powers.
- array
The power spectrum.
- maximum_power(dictlabel=None, freqsubset=None)
Returns the maximum power in a power spectrum.
Parameters
- dictlabeldict, optional
The dictionary labelling the spectrum. The same format as in the power_spectrum() method. See the docstring of that method for more details.
- freqsubsetlist, optional
A list of indices, that specify the subset of frequency indices to maximize over.
Returns
- float
The maximal power in the spectrum.
- maximum_power_pvalue(dictlabel=None, freqsubset=None, cutoff=0)
The p-value of the maximum power in a power spectrum.
Parameters
- dictlabeldict, optional
The dictionary labelling the spectrum. The same format as in the power_spectrum() method. See the docstring of that method for more details.
- freqsubsetlist, optional
A list of indices, that specify the subset of frequency indices to consider.
- cutooffloat, optional
The minimal allowed p-value.
Returns
- float
The p-value of the maximal power in the specified spectrum.
- run_instability_detection(significance=0.05, freqstest=None, tests='auto', inclass_correction=None, betweenclass_weighting='auto', saveas='default', default=True, overwrite=False, verbosity=1)
Runs instability detection, by performing statistical hypothesis tests on the power spectra generated from the time-series data. Before running this method it is necessary to generate power spectra using the compute_spectra() method.
Parameters
- significancefloat, optional
The global significance level. With defaults for all other inputs (a wide range of non-default options), the family-wise error rate of the set of all hypothesis tests performed is controlled to this value.
- freqstestNone or list, optional
If not not None, a list of the frequency indices at which to test the powers. Leave as None to perform comprehensive testing of the power spectra.
- tests‘auto’ or tuple, optional
Specifies the set of hypothesis tests to perform. If ‘auto’ then an set of tests is automatically chosen. This set of tests will be suitable for most purposes, but sometimes it is useful to override this. If a tuple, the elements are “test classes”, that specifies a set of hypothesis tests to run, and each test class is itself specified by a tuple. The tests specified by each test class in this tuple are all implemented. A test class is a tuple containing some subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’, which specifies a set of power spectra. Specifically, a power spectra has been calculated for the clickstream for every combination of eachinput DataSet (e.g., there are multiple DataSets if there has been marginalization of multi-qubit data), each Circuit in the DataSet, and each possible outcome in the DataSet. For each of “dataset”, “circuit” and “outcome” not included in a tuple defining a test class, the coresponding “axis” of the 3-dimensional array of spectra is averaged over, and these spectra are then tested. So the tuple () specifies the “test class” whereby we test the power spectrum obtained by averaging all power spectra; the tuple (‘dataset’,’circuit’) specifies the “test class” whereby we average only over outcomes, obtaining a single power spectrum for each DataSet and Circuit combination, which we test.
The default option for “tests” is appropriate for most circumstances, and it consists of (), (‘dataset’) and (‘dataset’, ‘circuit’) with duplicates removed (e.g., if there is a single DataSet then () is equivalent to (‘dataset’)).
- inclass_correctiondict, optional
A dictionary with keys ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’, ‘outcome’ and ‘spectrum’, and values that specify the type of multi-test correction used to account for the multiple tests being implemented. This specifies how the statistically significance is maintained within the tests implemented in a single “test class”.
- betweenclass_weighting‘auto’ or dict, optional
The weighting to use to maintain statistical significance between the different classes of test being implemented. If ‘auto’ then a standard Bonferroni correction is used.
- defaultbool, optional
This method can be run multiple times, to implement independent instability detection runs (if you are doing this, make sure you know what you’re doing! For example, deciding on-the-fly what hypothesis tests to run is statistically very dubious!). One of these is set as the default: unless specified otherwise its results are returned by all of the “get” methods. One the first call to this method, this is is ignored and it is always set to True.
- saveasstr, optional
This string specifies the name under which the results of this run of instability detection is saved. If not implementing multiple calls to this function there is no need to change this from ‘default’.
- overwritebool, optional
If this method has already been called, and results saved under the string “saveas”, this specifies whether to overwrite the old results or to raise an error.
- verbosityint, optional
The amount of print-to-screen.
Returns
None
- statistical_significance(detectorkey=None)
The statistical significance level of the instability detection
Parameters
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
Returns
- float
The statistical significance level of the instability detection
- unstable_circuits(getmaxtvd=False, detectorkey=None, fromtests='auto', freqindices=False, estimatekey=None, dskey=None)
Returns a dictionary, containing all the circuits that instability has been detected for as keys, with the values being the frequencies of the detected instability.
Parameters
- getmaxtvd: bool, optional
Whether to also return the bound on the TVD deviation, as given by the maximum_tvd_bound() method. If True, then the values of the returned dictionary are a 2-element list: the first element is the frequencies detected for the unstable circuits, and the second element is this TVD bound.
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
- fromtestsstr or tuple, optional
The test results to use when deciding what circuits are unstable. If a tuple, it should be a subset of the “test classes” run, each specified by a tuple. If “auto”, then all tests that individually look at the data from each circuit are included. This includes every test implemented of the null hypothesis that that circuit is stable.
- freqindicesbool, optional
If True then the frequencies are returned as a list of integers, which are the indices in the frequency list corresponding to the power spectrum for that circuit. If False then the frequencies are returned in units of 1/t where ‘t’ is the units of the time stamps.
- estimatekeyNone or tuple, optional
Only relevant if getmaxtvd is True. The name of the estimate of the probability trajectories to use for calculating the TVD bound.
- dskeyNone or string, optional
The DataSet to return the results for. Need if more than one DataSet has been analyzed, but otherwise can be left as None.
Returns
- dict
A dictionary of the unstable circuits.
- instability_indices(dictlabel=None, detectorkey=None)
Returns the frequency indices that instability has been detected at in the specified power spectrum
Parameters
- dictlabel: dict, optional
The label for the spectrum to extract the instability frequency indices for.
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
Returns
- list
The instability frequency indices.
- instability_frequencies(dictlabel=None, detectorkey=None)
Returns the frequencies that instability has been detected at in the specified power spectrum. These frequencies are given in units of 1/t where ‘t’ is the unit of the time stamps.
Parameters
- dictlabel: dict, optional
The label for the spectrum to extract the instability frequencyies for.
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
Returns
- list
The instability frequencies
- power_threshold(test, detectorkey=None)
The statistical significance threshold for any power spectrum in the set specified by the tuple test.
- test
A tuple specifying the class of power spectra, to extract the power threshold for. Contains some subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’, and it should correspond to a test that was implemented.
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
Returns
- float
The power threshold.
- string
The type of threshold. This is ‘true’ if it is true threshold, in the sense that it is data-independent and can be precalculated without the data. This is the sort of threshold one obtains when doing a Bonferroni correction. This is ‘pseudo’ if it is a threshold obtained from a p-value ordering procedure, like the Holms’ method or the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure, because it is not a true threshold in the sane that it depends on the data. This is ‘maxpseudo’ if multiple independent p-value ordering procedures have been performed with the test class specified by test. In this case, all the powers that have been deemed to be statistically significant are not necessarily above this threshold.
- pvalue_threshold(test, detectorkey=None)
The statistical significance threshold for any p-value of a power in the power spectra set specified by the tuple test.
- test
A tuple specifying the class of power spectra, to extract the power threshold for. Contains some subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’, and it should correspond to a test that was implemented.
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
Returns
- float
The power threshold.
- string
The type of threshold. This is ‘true’ if it is true threshold, in the sense that it is data-independent and can be precalculated without the data. This is the sort of threshold one obtains when doing a Bonferroni correction. This is ‘pseudo’ if it is a threshold obtained from a p-value ordering procedure, like the Holms’ method or the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure, because it is not a true threshold in the sane that it depends on the data. This is ‘maxpseudo’ if multiple independent p-value ordering procedures have been performed with the test class specified by test. In this case, all the powers that have been deemed to be statistically significant are not necessarily above this threshold.
- instability_detected(detectorkey=None, test=None)
Whether instability was detected.
Parameters
- detectorkeyNone or string, optional
Only relevant if more than one set of instability detection was run. The “saveas” key that was used when running run_instability_detection() for the detection results that you wish to access.
- testNone or tuple, optional
If None, then this method returns True if instability was detected in any statistical hypothesis test that we implemented. If a tuple, then it should be a tuple specifying a class of power spectra, so it contains some subset of ‘dataset’, ‘circuit’ and ‘outcome’, and it should correspond to a test that was implemented. If this tuple is specified, then this method returns True iff the tests specified by this tuple detected instability.
Returns
- bool
True if instability was detected, and returns False otherwise
- run_instability_characterization(estimator='auto', modelselector=(None, None), default=True, verbosity=1)
Run instability characterization: estimates probability trajectories for every circuit. The estimation methods are based on model selection from the results of hypothesis testing, so it is is necessary to first perform this hypothesis testing by running the run_instability_detection method.
Parameters
- estimatorstr, optional
The name of the estimator to use. This is the method used to estimate the parameters of a parameterized model for each probability trajectory, after that parameterized model has been selected with the model selection methods. Allowed values are:
- ‘auto’. The estimation method is chosen automatically, default to the fast method that is also
reasonably reliable.
- ‘filter’. Performs a type of signal filtering: implements the transform used for generating power
spectra (e.g., the DCT), sets the amplitudes to zero for all freuquencies that the model selection has not included in the model, inverts the transform, and then performs some minor post-processing to guarantee probabilities within [0, 1]. This method is less statically well-founded than ‘mle’, but it is faster and typically gives similar results. This method is not an option for non-invertable transforms, such as the Lomb-Scargle periodogram.
- ‘mle’. Implements maximum likelihood estimation, on the parameterized model chosen by the model
selection. The most statistically well-founded option, but can be slower than ‘filter’ and relies on numerical optimization.
- modelselectiontuple, optional
The model selection method. If not None, the first element of the tuple is a string that is a “detectorkey”, i.e., the saveas string for a set of instability detection results. If None then the default instability detection results are used. If run_instability_detection() has only been called once then there is only one set of results and there is no reason to set this to anything over than None. This is the instability detection resutls that will be used to select the models for the probability trajectories. If not None, the second element of the tuple is a “test class” tuple, specifying which test results to use to decide which frequencies are significant for each circuit. This can be typically set to None, and it will be chosen automatically. But if you wish to use specific test results for the model selection then this should be set.
- defaultbool, optional
This method can be called multiple times. This sets whether these results will be the default results used when probability trajectory estimates are later requested.
- verbosityint, optional
The amount of print-to-screen
Returns
None
- probability_trajectory_model(circuit, dskey=None, estimatekey=None, estimator=None)
Returns the probability trajectory for a circuit, in the form of a ProbTrajectory object.
Parameters
- circuitCircuit
The circuit to return the probability trajectories for.
- dskeyNone or string, optional
The DataSet to return the probability trajectories for. Need if more than one DataSet has been analyzed, but otherwise can be left as None.
- estimatekeyNone or tuple, optional
The estimate to return (typically, multiple estimates have been generated). If None, then the default estimate is returned. If run_instability_characterization() has been called only once then it is the estimate obtained by the method specified in that single call (but multiple estimates may have been recorded, and so are accessable, as a side-product of creating that estimate). If not None, a tuple where the first element is the modelselector and the second element is the estimator, as specified as arguments to the run_instability_characterization() method.
- estimatorNone or string, optional
Override for the second element of estimatekey’, to easily extract the ‘filter’ and ‘mle’ estimates, if both have been created (if ‘mle’ was chosen then the ‘filter’ estimate is also created as a by-product).
Returns
- ProbTrajectory
The estimated probability trajectory for the specified circuit.
- probability_trajectory(circuit, times, dskey=None, estimatekey=None, estimator=None)
Returns the probability trajectory for a circuit. See also probability_trajectory_model(), which provides are more complex, but more general-purpose, output.
Parameters
- circuitCircuit
The circuit to return the probability trajectories for.
- timeslist
The times to obtain the probabilities for.
- dskeyNone or string, optional
The DataSet to return the probability trajectories for. Need if more than one DataSet has been analyzed, but otherwise can be left as None.
- estimatekeyNone or tuple, optional
The estimate to return (typically, multiple estimates have been generated). If None, then the default estimate is returned. If run_instability_characterization() has been called only once then it is the estimate obtained by the method specified in that single call (but multiple estimates may have been recorded, and so are accessable, as a side-product of creating that estimate). If not None, a tuple where the first element is the modelselector and the second element is the estimator, as specified as arguments to the run_instability_characterization() method.
- estimatorNone or string, optional
Override for the second element of estimatekey, to easily extract the ‘filter’ and ‘mle’ estimates, if both have been created (if ‘mle’ was chosen then the ‘filter’ estimate is also created as a by-product).
Returns
- dict
The probability trajectory at the specified times. The keys are the possible circuit outcomes and the value for an outcome is a list, which is the probability trajectory for that outcome.
- maximum_tvd_bound(circuit, dskey=None, estimatekey=None, estimator=None)
Summarizes the size of the detected instability in the input circuit, as half the sum of the absolute values of the amplitudes in front of the non-constant basis functions in the estimate of the probability trajectories for that circuit.
This is an upper bound on the maximum TVD between the instaneous probability distribution (over circuit outcomes) and the mean of this time-varying probability distribution, with this maximization over all times.
Parameters
- circuitCircuit
The circuit to estimate the size of the instability for.
- dskeyNone or string, optional
The DataSet to estimate the size of the instability for. Need if more than one DataSet has been analyzed, but otherwise can be left as None.
- estimatekeyNone or tuple, optional
The probability trajectory estimate to use. If None, then the default estimate is used.
- estimatorNone or string, optional
Overrides the second element of estimatekey, to easily select the ‘filter’ and ‘mle’ estimates.
Returns
- float
The size of the instability in the circuit, as quantified by the amplitudes in the probability trajectory model.
- maxmax_tvd_bound(dskey=None, estimatekey=None, estimator=None)
The quantity returned by maximum_tvd_bound maximized over circuits. See the docstring of that method for more details.